What are the Six Factors Influencing the Selection of Canadian Immigrants?
The Canadian government has developed a Points-Based Immigration System for inviting and accepting skilled immigrants belonging to various categories. In this point system, candidates are evaluated based on specific selection criteria, and points are allocated accordingly. Most Canadian immigration programs use the following selection criteria, i.e., Provincial Nominee Program (PNP), Federal Express Entry System, Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP), etc. Canada Immigration uses six factors in the selection of visa applicants for visa Canada work permit:
- Language proficiency
Your communication skills must be proficient in either of Canada’s two official languages, namely French or English. A certified test result must be provided in support of your language proficiency. For the language factor, you will be assigned points based on your performance in the four aspects of language proficiency, i.e., speaking, listening, reading, and writing. The IELTS exam is the widely-accepted language test for proving your proficiency in English. Many applicants provide the results of this test.
In terms of age, applicants between the ages of 18 and 35 earn maximum points. After the age of 35, the points for the age factor decrease. Nevertheless, a person can still apply for permanent residence in Canada up to the age of 45 and increase their point scores through PNP (Provincial Nominee Program).
- Relevant work experience
An applicant’s work experience is an invaluable component of evaluating their profile. If you are applying for an express entry visa in Canada, you can gain significant points for your work experience accumulated over the years. You should have experience in a field that falls within the NOC (National Occupational Classification). A NOC is a specialized system that separates different jobs or occupations within Canada according to their responsibilities, skills, abilities, etc. Your number of points will depend upon how many years of experience you have, with one year of experience is the minimum.
In the case that your qualification was acquired outside of Canada, you must possess:
- An Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) report from a recognized organization that certifies that your overseas education is equivalent to a Canadian diploma, degree, or certificate:
- Secondary school (high school)
- Post-secondary education
The number of bonus points you could receive depends upon your educational background, i.e. a doctoral degree (Ph.D.) or equivalent qualification, or a college diploma that is equivalent to a master’s degree (or equivalent).
- Arranged employment in Canada
Having a full-time job offer of one year or more from a Canadian employer can give you valuable points towards your visa Canada work permit. You must, however, have this job offer in hand before applying for immigration to Canada as a federal skilled worker.
Your employment offer should include:
- Consistent, paid, full-time employment for at least one year, unaffected by seasonality
- The job position must be within a field that falls within Skill Type 0 or Skill Level A or B of the NOC.
If you intend to move to Canada with a spouse or civil partner, you can earn points for adaptability. A few of the factors that can be credited towards adaptability are as follows:
- The language proficiency of your partner or spouse
- Previous studies that your spouse or partner has undertaken in Canada
- The work history of your spouse or civil partner in Canada
- Family members living in Canada
- Your previous studies in Canada
- Previous work experience in Canada
- Arrangement for employment in Canada
Obtaining visa Canada work permit approval as a skilled worker from overseas is dependent upon all six important factors listed above.
If you require assistance, you can consult a reputable and knowledgeable express entry visa Canada expert. Your immigration expert will help you to gain a clear understanding of how to earn the necessary points based on the important factors involved.
Procedures for applying for a Federal Skilled Worker visa
The following steps will be walking you through the process of obtaining Canadian permanent residency through the FSW Program.
Step 1: Ensure that you are eligible
To determine whether you will be able to get a minimum score of 67 points, use the Federal Skilled Worker points calculator.
Step 2: Create a profile for the Express Entry Canada program
You will be required to submit the following three documents to IRCC (Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada).
- Valid passport for identification
- ECA (Educational Credential Assessment)
- Test results of language proficiency
An applicant for every FSW Canada draw is screened for inadmissibility based on their medical history and criminal history. In addition to these three documents, you also need to submit the following:
- A medical certificate from a panel physician recognized by IRCC
- Certificate of police clearance issued by a local police station
- References from former employers regarding work experience
Step 3: Receive the Invitation to Apply (ITA)
Following the receipt of an ITA for Canadian PR, the applicant will have 60 days to submit a permanent residence application electronically.
Step 4: Reviewing your electronic application and obtaining Canadian citizenship
Your application would be reviewed by an immigration officer from Canada and the officer will contact you if additional information is needed. Once the application is approved, you will be sent a COPR document confirming your permanent residence.
Step 5: Apply for a permanent resident card
You may submit your application for your PR card once you have received confirmation of your status. This card could be used as proof of your Canadian citizenship when traveling outside Canada.
To date, the FSWP is administered via Express Entry. The Canadian government intends to welcome an average of 110,000 immigrants annually through Express Entry. The majority of candidates who are successful in Express Entry obtain permanent residence in Canada through the Federal Skilled Worker Program. Research conducted by the Canadian government indicates that FSWP immigrants go on to succeed and have rewarding careers in Canada.
It is also beneficial to pursue immigration through the FSWP. As opposed to other skilled worker immigration programs, the visa Canada work permit can be obtained within six months.